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Town Hall

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Type: Have fun
Location: city centre
Specialization: Entertainment

Address: Stary Rynek 1
Tel: 61 856 81 91

Opening hours: 1 - 1

Description:
The Poznan's Town Hall is regarded as one of the most beautiful Renaissance buildings in Poland. Its origins date back as far as the second half of the 13th century. Originally, it was a Gothic two-storey building. In the early 16th century a tall tower was added. Having suffered in the fire of 1536, the Town Hall needed renovation. In the middle of the 16th century Giovanni Batista Quadro, Italian architect, reconstructed it in the Renaissance style. The edifice was extended, one floor was added and the facade was decorated with a three-storey loggia. After the Swedish invasion and the economic slump, the building fell into decay. The general renovation of the Town Hall was needed. Between 1782 and 1784 the Good Order Committee supervised the works during which the tower was reconstructed and topped with a classicist cupola and an eagle as its part. At the beginning of the 20th century the Town Hall was raised by one more floor. However, it was heavily destroyed during World War II. A part of the tower was damaged, whereas the townhall interiors situated above the first floor were completely burnt. Thanks to the painstaking post-war reconstruction works, the Renaissance character of the building was restored.

The colonnaded three-storey loggia with the three turrets is the most valuable part of the Town Hall front elevation. The paintings and reliefs symbolise the virtues a city councillor should be in the possession of like Hope, Patience, Bravery, etc. On the medallions between the first and second floors the antiquity heroes are portrayed, whereas the attic is filled with the Jagiellonian dynasty kings of Poland portraits. The part of the Town Hall that is at the centre of tourists' attention every noon is a little ledge above the clock in the central turret. It is here that a pair of billy goats appears here butting their heads twelve times. Worth seeing is also the oldest part of the Town Hall, i.e. its cellars with their early-Gothic groined-rib vaulting and historical keystones. One bearing the coat of arms of the Bohemian Przemyslid dynasty kings ruling Poland in the early 14th century (a crowned lion), the other one – the so-called ''a little coat of arms of Poznan'' (crossed keys), part of the present-day city coat of arms. As for the interiors, the centrepiece of the Town Hall are the rooms on the first floor. One of them is the Great Hall, considered to be the most beautiful Renaissance interior in Poland, famous for its richly ornamented coffered vaulting.The Royal Room, once a site of the city council conventions, with a Renaissance fire place and the Court Room with polychrome-decorated vaulting are also worth seeing. Those interiors are part of the Poznan History Museum, a branch of the National Museum, that the Town Hall houses nowadays.
Location on the map of Poznan Town Hall
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